The Ohio State University. Admission to the OSU College of Veterinary Medicine requires successful completion of the prerequisites listed below or their equivalents from any accredited college or university. The number of hours provided is a guideline. In assessing course content for equivalency, actual hours may vary for your institution.
In some cases a multiple course series may be needed to fulfill prerequisite coursework. Lab is not required. Note: Physiology course work must be a comprehensive, intermediate systems physiology series. Prerequisite Courses — Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology, and Communication coursework must be completed with: 1 a grade of C or better in each course, 2 a minimum of 3.
Advanced Placement — To receive credit for AP courses, they must be listed on official transcripts from a college or university you have attended. Ten Year Coursework Rule — If any science prerequisites are older than ten years, the applicant must either report course work in that specific area or submit convincing evidence of current mastery in the appropriate science to the Admissions Committee.
The applicant must prove they have current experience to show they have maintained knowledge in the field. Prerequisite Evaluation — Professional Admissions at Ohio State offers free coursework evaluations for students attending other institutions to provide assistance in selecting and taking coursework that meets our prerequisite requirements.
If you would like to request a prerequisite evaluation, please complete the prerequisite evaluation form. Contact us : If you have any questions about the prerequisite courses, please contact us at: dvmprospective osu.Industrial ACID with Behringer TD-3
Search form Search. This should be a public speaking course. You do not have to have all the prerequisites completed before applying. DVM Admissions. Health and Wellbeing. Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program. Teaching and Learning. Graduate Programs. Signature Programs.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Veterinary Public Health. Veterinary Biosciences. Veterinary Clinical Sciences. Veterinary Preventive Medicine. Alumni Society Board of Trustees. Continuing Education. If Biochemistry is taught as a 2-part sequence, both parts are required.But it's not always that simple. There are many financial issues that will determine whether you'll be able to purchase the house, as well as the terms of your mortgage. Knowing this information well in advance will help you make better decisions and will make your mortgage approval process to go smoothly and quickly.
Read on to find out more about how you'll need to be positioned financially before you sign your real estate contract. Make sure you have enough liquid capital saved up to put down on your new home. You may have known people who purchased homes in the past without a down payment or you may have even been one of those people. That's a much less likely scenario today, as banks are trying to limit the risk of borrowers defaulting.
There's a very good chance that you'll pay tens of thousands of dollars in interest alone over the life of your mortgage. That's why it's so important to find a loan with a low-interest rate. This can save you thousands of dollars in the long-term. Make sure you shop around.
Don't sign with the first lender that gives you a quote. Start off by checking with your own financial institution. You may be able to get a competitive rate because you already do business with them. And don't rule out credit unionssmall community banks, and even online lenders. The more lenders you check, the more likely it is that you'll get a really good rate.
How to Install the Sequencer
A great tool for researching and comparing interest rates is a mortgage calculator. This tool gives you an idea of your potential costs before you even meet with a mortgage broker. Your FICO score reflects your ability to repay your debts. Maxing out your credit cards and paying your bills late can be another financial stumbling block for potential homeowners who need a mortgage.
If you have a bad credit score or, even worse, no credit history at all, there's no way you'll qualify for a mortgage. But what is considered an acceptable FICO score? It can often be difficult to assess because it varies based on which lender you ask.
Amy Tierce, senior loan officer with Radius Financial Group, notes that although the Federal Housing Administration FHA offers financing options to borrowers with a credit score as low asmost lenders have their own requirements. So it will be a challenge to find a lender who'll work with a borrower with a credit score below Homeowners who overextend themselves may end up eating ramen noodles every day in a house they may eventually lose.
This is why it's important to be realistic about what you can afford. You can figure this out by adding up all your monthly debt payments and dividing that figure by your gross income each month. You can calculate your debt-to-income ratio by dividing the total amount of your monthly debt payments by your gross monthly income. The bank doesn't want your total debt, including new mortgage payment, plus your car payments, credit card payments, and other monthly obligations, to exceed a certain percentage of that income.
But Alcorn warns that just because the bank feels you can afford a particular mortgage payment doesn't mean you actually can. It's important to have a candid conversation about your monthly payments with your mortgage team so that you don't get in over your head. Jenkins agrees, adding that "there are additional expenses involved with owning a home that you may not incur while renting.
Be sure to calculate all monthly expenses and debts and let your budget make the final decision regarding what you can comfortably afford to pay.This 4 hour course is a non-shooting course that teaches students basic knowledge and skills, and explains the necessary attitude for safe handling, storage of firearms and ammunition in the home. The course will also familiarize participants with safe firearm handling procedures and guidelines for storing pistols, rifles and shotguns in the home.
This is a four hour course for safe gun handling that is conducted in the classroom only. The different types and uses of ammunition, cleaning and care firearms.
Also, the benefits of becoming an active participant in the shooting sports. We provide all firearms for this non shooting course.
Students will identify the parts of a pistol and type actions, and demonstrate how they function. Students will apply and adopt the NRA rules for safe gun handling and demonstrate how to handle a pistol in a safe manner, learn to explain the different components of a pistol cartridge and explain the firing sequence.
Learn the factors in determining how to purchase a handgun. How to properly identify, store ammunition and explain the major causes of cartridge malfunctions.
Learn gun range safety rules and commands. Use the 5 steps of the fundamentals of marksmanship. This course is conducted in the classroom and with time on the range. Prerequisite: Basic Pistol Participants of this course must be experienced shooters shooters that demonstrate a mastery of the basic skills of safe gun handling, shooting a group, zeroing the firearm, and cleaning the firearm to maximize what can be learned from this course.
This 8 hour course in part will cover defensive shooting and handgun skills, the importance of using a firearm responsibly and ethically for personal protection, how to evaluate their state of mental awareness using the four levels of awareness, the importance of mental preparation and physical firearm training for a potentially life-threatening confrontation. The course teaches the students the knowledge, skills and attitude essential for avoiding dangerous confrontations and for the safe, effective and responsible use of a concealed pistol for self-defense outside the home.
Students have the opportunity to attend the course using a quality strong side hip holster that covers the trigger, or a holster purse. From a review of safe firearm handling and proper mindset to presentation from concealment and multiple shooting positions, this course contains the essential skills and techniques needed to prevail in a life-threatening situation. Level one is a nine hour course and offers the essential knowledge and skills that must be mastered in order to carry, store, and use a firearm safely and effectively for personal protection outside the home.
Students will attend level 1 Basic consisting of 9 hours classroom and range time. Upon completion of level one, students will attend level two Advancedwhich is an additional five hours of classroom and range training and teaches advanced shooting skills. Note: Participants in this course must be at least 21 years of age and possess defensive pistol skills presented in the NRA Basics of Personal Protection in the Home Course. The seminar includes classroom instruction on a variety of crime prevention strategies, from crime psychology to automobile crimes to cyber crime.
Seminars can vary in length, and it may be modified to suit the needs of a particular audience.Although family life in America has become less stable over the last several decades, the majority of the American population still agrees that marriage provides value to individuals and society.
Yet based on results from the American Family Surveymarriage and parenting fall low on the list of what respondents considered essential to a fulfilling life. And while Americans overall seem to think that childbearing should take place within marriage, marriage does not seem to be as important a prerequisite to becoming a parent as are other factors. While college-educated adults are often achieving their own preferred ideal—gaining a good education, earning a good living, building a rewarding career, and also marrying and having children within marriage—many in the rest of the population particularly the non-college educated are not.
Most Americans agree that marriage benefits individuals and society. For example, 64 percent of respondents agreed that marriage makes people better off financially; 59 percent agreed that marriage is necessary to create strong families; 53 percent agreed that society is better off when more people are married; and only 14 percent agreed that marriage is more of a burden than a benefit or that it is old-fashioned.
Furthermore, when asked about the ideal sequence of relationships and childbearing, respondents overall said that childbearing should take place after marriage.
Participants were asked to rank their ideal relationship sequence including marriage, cohabitation, sex, and childbearingas well as their actual relationship sequence. Although there were some differences among subgroups regarding the ideal ordering of sex, cohabitation, and marriage, all subgroups placed childbearing as ideally taking place after marriage. Despite generally positive views of the benefits of marriage, however, marriage did not rank highly in terms of what is essential to a fulfilling life when respondents were presented with a list of seven items.
Thus, while the majority of the population agrees that marriage is beneficial, they do not necessarily view it as a priority for a fulfilling life. However, most Americans are married or say they would like to get married. That marriage was not as important a prerequisite to having children compared to other factors is not too surprising, considering nearly 40 percent of children in the United States are born outside of marriage. Americans overall still appear to place value on marriage and recognize its benefits.
While the results of this study seem to indicate that the desire for marriage has declined relative to other, more individualistic wants and needs, other research suggests Americans still prioritize it. Nonetheless, as noted, there is a stark economic divide when it comes to unwed childbearing, with the college educated rarely having children outside of marriage, while it is the norm among those with less education for children to be born to unmarried parents.
Thus, it seems that many, the most vulnerable American oftentimes, are failing to reap the benefits that many recognize marriage can provide. Is Marriage Still Popular? Feb 08 Print Facebook Twitter Email. PDF Version:. Want Marriage, but Its Importance has Dropped.Appendix A to this application is set forth on a single compact disc and the material recorded thereon is incorporated by reference herein.
The following file is recorded on the compact disc: file name: AppendixA. The present invention relates to content management, and more specifically, to a system, method and program product for creating compilations of content from hierarchical content stored in a data repository.
Subscribe to RSS
Content management systems have enabled content of all types, e. Content management systems include, for example, relational databases, digital libraries, and media servers. They have further provided functions for manipulating the content, e. It would be desirable to enable a user to take advantage of vast stores of content to create compilations tailored to the user's needs or desires.
For example, a university professor would find value in creating custom textbook tailored to a specific course from prepublished textbooks stored in a content management system. This compilation could be further enhanced to include associated multimedia materials. As another example, a music lover would benefit from a system that allows him to specify musical selections to be included in a custom album.
Such systems would have to partition large content objects e. A web-based system, method and program product are provided for creating a compilation of content stored in a data repository as a group of hierarchically related content entities, managing, displaying, and searching the content, then creating and exporting compilations of content for publication.
Also provided are a system, data structure, method, and program product for storing content into a repository for use in creating a compilation of content. The content is hierarchical in nature. For example, in the case of textual content, the hierarchical structure of the data may include book containers, volume containers, chapter containers, and subsections noncontainers, because they are at the leaf level of the hierarchy.
In the case of audio content, the hierarchical containers may be album, compact disk, and musical selection, and excerpts of the musical selections are defined as noncontainers. In the case of video content, the hierarchical containers may include movies and excerpts from each movie, and frames are defined as noncontainers.
If desired, the maximum size of a container may specified. For example, the volume size in a custom book is preferably determined using a threshold value defining maximum amount of content allowable for that container, and a procedure is provided for managing content entities and containers to maintain this maximum.
The hierarchical data and associated metadata are preferably stored in a digital library that includes search support. A web-based user interface is provided for presenting a user with a plurality of selectable objects, each object representing a subset of the hierarchical data e.
The plurality of objects may represent all subsets of the stored content or less than all of the subsets e. The user then selects one or more of the objects for inclusion in a compilation e. Alternatively, the user may search the content by specifying search criteria through the interface.
Additionally, the user may create new content, e. The system preferably stores the new content and creates a reusable, selectable object associated with the new content. Each noncontainer content object is preferably stored as a separate entity in the data repository.
Each content entity is also stored as a row in a digital library index class as a collection of attributes and references to related content entities. Each container and noncontainer is associated with a unique identifier that preferably includes hierarchical information about its position in the hierarchy. As the user selects desired objects for inclusion in a compilation, the system arranges the objects hierarchically, e.
The system then creates a file object e. This file object is stored separately in the data repository. The list or outline is presented to the user at the web interface as a table of contents, and may be edited through the interface. For example, the user may add content, delete content, or move content within and across containers.
Editing the list or outline redefines the structure of the compilation.GitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.
If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. The Sequencer is an algorithm that attempts to reveal the main sequence in a dataset, if it exists.
To do so, it reorders objects within a set to produce the most elongated manifold describing their similarities which are measured in a multi-scale manner and using a collection of metrics. It considers different scales of the data by dividing each object in the input data into separate parts chunksand estimating pair-wise similarities between the chunks.
The Sequencer uses the shape of the graphs describing the multi-scale similarities. In particular, it uses the fact that continuous trends sequences in a dataset lead to more elongated graphs. The elongation of the graph is measured using the graph's elongation. Thus, the final output of the Sequencer is the detected sequence and its associated elongation. The Sequencer is essentially an Unsupervised Dimensionality Reduction algorithm, since a sequence is a one-dimensional embedding of the input dataset.
The main advantage of the Sequencer is that it uses a figure of merit to optimize over its hyper-parameters, while other dimensionality reduction algorithms depend on a set of hyper-parameters and lack a clear figure of merit with which these can be optimized. As a result, the output of other dimensionality reduction algorithms depends on a set of chosen hyper-parameters, which are often set manually. In our work, we show that in some cases the Sequencer outperforms tSNE and UMAP in finding one-dimensional trends in the data, especially in scientific datasets.
This figure of merit can be used to select the hyper-parameters that will give rise to the "best" tSNE and UMAP embedding see our paper and the jupyter notebooks in the examples directory. If you need to install the required packages, then we suggest to install them manually using anaconda:.
If you also want to run the Jupyter notebooks in the examples directory, then install the following:. The examples directory consists of several Jupyter notebooks showing how to use the Sequencer. This is the input dataset within which we want to find a sequence. The Sequnecer defines a list of scales it will consider automatically, where the number and values of the scales will be determined by the size of the data.
However, users can set the scales by themselves. For example, if we wish to consider only the largest scales, and not to divide the objects into chunks, then:. If instead we are intrested in small-scale information, where we want to split each object into 10 separate parts and examine them separately, then:. Finally, if we do not know a-priori on which scale the relevant information is, we might want to examine several scales:. This means that for each metric, the Sequencer will examine four different scales: 1, 2, 4, ans 8.
It will then aggregate the information from both of the parts into a single estimator.Based upon its review, the Committee made the HACCP principles more concise; revised and added definitions; included sections on prerequisite programs, education and training, and implementation and maintenance of the HACCP plan; revised and provided a more detailed explanation of the application of HACCP principles; and provided an additional decision tree for identifying critical control points CCPs.
The Committee again endorses HACCP as an effective and rational means of assuring food safety from harvest to consumption. These principles include hazard analysis, CCP identification, establishing critical limits, monitoring procedures, corrective actions, verification procedures, and record-keeping and documentation.
Under such systems, if a deviation occurs indicating that control has been lost, the deviation is detected and appropriate steps are taken to reestablish control in a timely manner to assure that potentially hazardous products do not reach the consumer. In the application of HACCP, the use of microbiological testing is seldom an effective means of monitoring CCPs because of the time required to obtain results. In most instances, monitoring of CCPs can best be accomplished through the use of physical and chemical tests, and through visual observations.
Microbiological criteria do, however, play a role in verifying that the overall HACCP system is working. In accordance with the National Academy of Sciences recommendation, the HACCP system must be developed by each food establishment and tailored to its individual product, processing and distribution conditions. In keeping with the Committee's charge to provide recommendations to its sponsoring agencies regarding microbiological food safety issues, this document focuses on this area.
The Committee recognizes that in order to assure food safety, properly designed HACCP systems must also consider chemical and physical hazards in addition to other biological hazards. A commitment by management will indicate an awareness of the benefits and costs of HACCP and include education and training of employees.
Benefits, in addition to enhanced assurance of food safety, are better use of resources and timely response to problems. The Committee designed this document to guide the food industry and advise its sponsoring agencies in the implementation of HACCP systems. Control: a To manage the conditions of an operation to maintain compliance with established criteria.
Control Measure: Any action or activity that can be used to prevent, eliminate or reduce a significant hazard. Critical Control Point: A step at which control can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
Hazard: A biological, chemical, or physical agent that is reasonably likely to cause illness or injury in the absence of its control. Hazard Analysis: The process of collecting and evaluating information on hazards associated with the food under consideration to decide which are significant and must be addressed in the HACCP plan.
Monitor: To conduct a planned sequence of observations or measurements to assess whether a CCP is under control and to produce an accurate record for future use in verification. Step: A point, procedure, operation or stage in the food system from primary production to final consumption.
Validation: That element of verification focused on collecting and evaluating scientific and technical information to determine if the HACCP plan, when properly implemented, will effectively control the hazards. Verification: Those activities, other than monitoring, that determine the validity of the HACCP plan and that the system is operating according to the plan. HACCP is a systematic approach to the identification, evaluation, and control of food safety hazards based on the following seven principles:.
HACCP is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product.
A firm commitment to HACCP by top management provides company employees with a sense of the importance of producing safe food. HACCP is designed for use in all segments of the food industry from growing, harvesting, processing, manufacturing, distributing, and merchandising to preparing food for consumption.
Food safety systems based on the HACCP principles have been successfully applied in food processing plants, retail food stores, and food service operations. The seven principles of HACCP have been universally accepted by government agencies, trade associations and the food industry around the world. The following guidelines will facilitate the development and implementation of effective HACCP plans. While the specific application of HACCP to manufacturing facilities is emphasized here, these guidelines should be applied as appropriate to each segment of the food industry under consideration.
The production of safe food products requires that the HACCP system be built upon a solid foundation of prerequisite programs. Examples of common prerequisite programs are listed in Appendix A. Each segment of the food industry must provide the conditions necessary to protect food while it is under their control.